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The massacre of St. Bartholomew’s (24-27 August 1572) and the sack of Antwerp (4-7 November 1576): print and political responses in Elizabethan England

Buchanan, Catherine (2011) The massacre of St. Bartholomew’s (24-27 August 1572) and the sack of Antwerp (4-7 November 1576): print and political responses in Elizabethan England. PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).

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Abstract

The St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre (1572) and the Sack of Antwerp (1576), two of the most notorious massacres of the 1570s, were of international consequence in a confessionally-divided Europe. This thesis offers a comparative analysis of the Elizabethan political and print responses to both atrocities, evaluating to what extent and in what ways each shaped the increasingly Protestant political character of the period. It compares strands of argument aired by Elizabethan councillors, courtiers, military commanders and clerics, in contrast with the content of contemporary news pamphlets, to establish whether there was any overlap between the parameters of political debate and topical print. It investigates whether, and on what occasions, statesmen or figures associated with the court may have sought to confessionalise public opinion via the production of printed news. Analysing often overlooked printed sources, the thesis focuses on aspects of content and contexts of production. It considers the kinds of comment expressed on the massacres per se and in relation to: the nature of the wars in France and the Low Countries; Elizabeth’s foreign and domestic agendas; the compound significance of her gender, the unresolved succession and her realm's vulnerability to foreign invasion; and providential discourses concerning God’s favour and protection. These lines of enquiry throw up some insights into changing English attitudes towards the Catholic crowns of France and Spain and key figures abroad. Finally, the thesis reaches some broader conclusions regarding the development of an increasingly militant Anglo-Protestant nationalism in the mid-Elizabethan period.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information: © 2011 Catherine Buchanan
Library of Congress subject classification: D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
D History General and Old World > DC France
D History General and Old World > DH Netherlands (The Low Countries)
D History General and Old World > DP Spain
Sets: Departments > International History
Supervisor: Rodriguez-Salgado, Mia
URI: http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/244

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