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Estimating the undercount in the U.K. 1991 population census.

Islam, H.M. Wasiul (1998) Estimating the undercount in the U.K. 1991 population census. MPhil thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science (United Kingdom).

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Abstract

In order to assess the coverage and the quality of the census data of the 1991 census, the Census Validation Survey (CVS) was carried out by the Social Survey Division of OPCS. The survey produced estimates of household spaces, households and persons together with 95% confidence intervals. The CVS estimated the census undercount from six different samples five of which were drawn from the census records and hence dependent. From the comparison between 1991 census results and demographic estimates it was felt that CVS failed to estimate the true undercount figure of the 1991 census. Moreover, the CVS methodology was unable to estimate the undercount by age, sex, race and geographic categories. This dissertation presents methods for estimating population by age, sex and race as well as geographic categories. Three different estimators, Chandra- Sekar, Greenfield and El-Sayed Nour using information from two different sources (census and survey) are discussed. Adjustment factors are generally computed as the ratios of these estimates to the census counts. Average estimates from these three estimators may produce better adjustment factors. Models to produce more accurate estimates of the size of the closed population by using a second sample by matching with census and survey are also discussed. The models we present provide a mechanism for separating out the dependence between census and survey data induced by individual heterogeneity. The resulting data take the form of 2 X 2 X 2 table in which only one of the eight cells is unknown. Using log-linear quasi-symmetry models we describe how to estimate the expected values of the observable cells of this table. To estimate the populations for Local Authorities (LA) a regression method is presented. The resulting estimates are found to be more accurate than the CVS estimates and were also close to the 1991 demographic estimates. We describe a methodology for estimating the accuracy of the dual systems estimates of population with the help of hypothetical data. The methodology is based on decompositions of the total error into components, such as sampling error, matching error, and other non-sampling errors. An imputation method and some recommandations are also discussed.

Item Type: Thesis (MPhil)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sociology, Demography
Sets: Collections > ProQuest Etheses
Departments > Statistics
URI: http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/id/eprint/2857

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