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Settlements in the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh

Ahmad, Enayat (1949) Settlements in the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. PhD thesis, London School of Economics and Political Science.

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Identification Number: 10.21953/lse.58lj6l4u3rin


The thesis is a geographical study of the rural and urban settlements of the United Provinces. the work falls into three sections. Part 1 deals with the salient geographical features of the area, and the distribution and recent changes of population in relation to the geographical setting; Part II and III are devoted respectively to rural and urban settlements. In Part II the distribution, sitting and size of rural settlements have first been discussed in relation to physiography, soils, hydrography and arable land. The types of settlements (agglomerated, dispersed and intermediate arrangements) have nest been considered and the physical and cultural factors influencing the various types and their distribution have been examined. Thereafter are describe and interpreted the shape and pattern of villages (on the basis of the arrangement of their dwellings and lanes) and lastly the main house types and their regional distribution. In Part III the origin and growth of towns has been discussed, their existing distribution examined and explanations offered for their regional concentration. The size and functions of the towns have next been considered bringing out the relation between the town and country and the relative importance of the various functions in the cities and smaller towns. After this we study the morphology of the towns with some detailed discussion of the five biggest cities, followed by a general classification and interpretation of the town plans of the Province. Finally the main findings have been brought together in a concluding chapter. The new contributions consist essentially in a detailed study of the correlations of the physical and cultural features with settlements. The analysis of the relations between the number, size and spacing of villages is new as are the studies of village patterns and settlement types. Original observations have been made on the aspect and morphology of towns and attention has been drawn to their historical origins as affecting their general distributional pattern.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information: © Enayat Ahmad
Library of Congress subject classification: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform

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